In order to ensure transparency in the global animal disease situation, to safeguard international trade on animals and animal products and to be consistent with Chapters 1.3 and 10.4 of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code, as of 1 st January 2017, a new name for infection with avian influenza viruses in non-poultry was added to the existing list of diseases in WAHIS: Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds) Consequently the avian influenza reportable to the OIE is defined as an infection of poultry and other birds, including wild birds, caused by any influenza A virus with high pathogenicity (HPAI), or by all influenza A viruses of H5 and H7 subtypes with low pathogenicity when detected in poultry
The science-based standards, guidelines and recommendations issued by the OIE are designated as the international reference in dealing with avian influenza. Its world network of Reference Laboratories and Collaborating Centres provides policy advice, strategy design and technical assistance for the control and eradication of these viruses Avian viral diseases represent a major hurdle to sustainability across the poultry industry in Central Asia. Avian influenza (AI) and Newcastle disease (ND) viruses are endemic across Central Asia and represent a significant burden to sustainable food security across the region within the poultry industry
OIE Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease & FAO Reference Centre for Animal Influenza and Newcastle Disease In January 2001 the Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie (IZSVe) was appointed as OIE Reference Laboratory (RL) for Avian influenza and Newcastle Disease Avian influenza, the OIE twinning project between Italy and Nigeria was completed December 7th 2020 | Avian influenza & Newcastle disease, International cooperation, Research & Projects Today as never before building strong international collaborations is essential Avian influenza, for most purposes, refers to the influenza A virus. Though influenza A is adapted to birds, it can also stably adapt and sustain person-to-person transmission. Recent influenza research into the genes of the Spanish flu virus shows it to have genes adapted from both human and avian strains OFFLU is the OIE-FAO global network of expertise on animal influenza working to reduce the negative impacts of animal influenza viruses by promoting effective collaboration between animal health experts and with the human health sector Whatever the species involved, all cases of H5 and H7-type influenzas must be reported (notified) to the OIE, even if there is indication or proof that they are low pathogenic. For other types of avian influenzas, only the highly pathogenic types must be reported to the OIE, e.g. H9
. However, zoonotic influenza viruses - animal influenza viruses that may occasionally infect humans through direct or indirect contact - can cause disease in humans ranging from a mild illness to death OFFLU is the joint OIE-FAO global network of expertise on animal influenzas.OFFLU aims to reduce negative impacts of animal influenza viruses by promoting effective collaboration between animal health experts and with the human health sector. OFFLU puts a strong emphasis on the importance of analysing and sharing information, and biological material to identify and reduce health threats early.
OIE/FAO Reference Laboratories and experts for highly pathogenic avian influenza and low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry) Dr Yohannes Berhane . Canadian Food Inspection Agency, National Centre for Foreign Animal Disease 1015 Arlington Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 3M4 CANADA Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Dr Hualan Che The process of candidate vaccine viruses selection, the Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework (PIP-FW) of WHO and a novel viral detection system were presented. OIE Standards on surveillance for AI viruses with reference to Chapter 10.4 of the Terrestrial Animal Health Code and the role of OIE on AI were shared
Note that all links below are no longer active, due to the launch of the new OIE-WAHIS on 18 March 2021. 08/02/2021 Algeria: Highly pathogenic avian influenza (poultry) H5N8 03/02/2021 Tanzania : African swine fever 02/02/2021 Mauritania : Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (H5N1 Raw poultry can be associated with many infections, including salmonella. While there is no evidence that any human cases of avian influenza have ever been acquired by eating properly cooked poultry products, uncooked poultry and poultry products (like blood) have been linked to human infections with organisms other than influenza OIE & FAO activities. On January 2001 the Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie (IZSVe) was appointed as OIE Reference Laboratory (RL) for avian influenza and Newcastle disease and in 2008 it was recognized as FAO Reference Centre (RC) for animal influenza and Newcastle disease. The OIE/FAO reference laboratory functions as centre of expertise and standardization of diagnostic. Avian influenza is a viral infection found in domestic poultry and a wide range of other birds. Wild waterfowl and shorebirds are often asymptomatic carriers. In poultry, low pathogenicity strains typically cause respiratory signs. High pathogenicity strains may cause widespread organ failure and sudden, high mortality
Influenza A(H5N8) viruses isolated from this poultry outbreak in Astrakhan belonged to clade 188.8.131.52b of avian influenza A(H5Nx) viruses. In 2020, avian influenza A (H5N8) viruses were also detected in poultry or wild birds in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Egypt, Germany, Hungary, Iraq, Japan, Kazakhstan, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, the United Kingdom, and the Russian Federation OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Standards Commission / February 2010 Annex XXVI CHAPTER 10.4. AVIAN INFLUENZA EU position The EU can only support the adoption of the modified chapter if in the article 10.4.20, the words NAI or are deleted. The inclusion of these words brings no value, while i OIE Avian Influenza; FAO Avian Influenza; News. WHO SAGE Seasonal Influenza Vaccination Recommendations during the COVID-19 Pandemic 21 September 2020. World Health Assembly Update, 24 May 2019 24 May 2019. Feature stories. Through a structured and coordinated response, Colombia seeks to leave no one behind in the fight against COVID-19 19 June. OIE-WAHI
Avian influenza in Europe: update. On this page you can find information on the epidemiological situation and the provisions adopted by the competent authorities during avian influenza (AI) emergencies in Europe related to highly pathogenic viruses (HPAI) and low pathogenic viruses (LPAI).. To have an overview of the most up-to-date reports on AI in Europe please access the European Food. OIE Regional Expert Group Meeting for the Control of Avian Influenza in Asia Sapporo, Japan, 3-5 October, 2017 Summary Report OIE Regional Representation for Asia and the Pacifi
OFFLU is the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)/Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) global network of expertise on animal influenza, working to reduce the negative impacts of avian, swine and equine influenza viruses by promoting effective collaboration between animal health experts and the human health sector For avian influenza the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) has laid down international standards on notification, trade, diagnosis, surveillance and the production and use of vaccine. These standards are science- and risk-based to ensure safe trade in poultry and poultry products without unjustified barriers World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). Update on highly pathogenic avian influenza in animals (types H5 and H7). Paris: OIE; 2015. Available from: http://www.oie.int/en/animal-health-in-the-world/update-on-avian-influenza/2015 20 February 2018, the Swedish authorities notified a new case of avian influenza in wild animals to the OIE. This is the first Swedish outbreak of HPAI H5N6. The positive result was confirmed in a white-tailed eagle ( Haliaeetus albicilla ) showing clinical signs on January 28 th , which was found in the town of Eriksberg, Karlshamn, in the county of Blekinge Län
Avian influenza (AI) is a viral infection of domestic poultry, and pet, zoo, and wild birds. In domestic poultry, AI viruses are typically of low pathogenicity (LP), causing subclinical infections, respiratory disease, or drops in egg production, but a few AI viruses are highly pathogenic (HP), causing severe systemic disease with multiple organ failure and high mortality FAO-OIE-WHO Technical Update: Current evolution of avian influenza H5N1 viruses 7 September 2011 This document is intended to provide a technical briefing for persons generally familiar with influenza viruses and the epidemiology of influenza in humans and animals. We ask the general public to kindly refer to information available on th The OIE/FAO Network of Expertise on Avian Influenza (OFFLU; now entitled 'OIE/FAO Network of Expertise on Animal Influenza') was created in 2005 to facilitate exchange of scientific data and biological materials, offer technical advice and expertise, collaborate with the WHO influenza network, and support AI research This meeting marked the official launching of the OIE/FAO Network (OFFLU), a network of avian influenza reference laboratories created to promote research on avian influenza, provide technical assistance to developing countries on diagnosis and management, and serve as a mechanism to interface with the WHO Influenza Network to obtain virus isolates from animals that can be used to produce.
OIE: Highly pathogenic avian influenza, Zimbabwe submited by kickingbird at Jun, 3, 2017 9:36 AM from OIE Information received on 01/06/2017 from Dr Unesu Hildah Ushewokunze-Obatolu, Principal Director, , Department of Livestock and Veterinary Services, Harare, Zimbabw AVIAN INFLUENZA • Fowl plague' was first reported in Italy in 1878 • has been recognized as a highly lethal viral disease of poultry since 1901. • In 1955, it was discovered that the virus causing Fowl Plague was influenza virus • Current outbreaks started in 2004 in South Asia • Impact of AI in poultry industry has increase
THE OIE STANDARDS FOR AI • Terrestrial CodeChapter 2.7.12: Avian Influenza • Terrestrial CodeAppendix 3.8.9: Guidelines for the surveillance of Avian Influenza • Manual : Chapter 2.1.14 Development of guidelines on the implementation of vaccination and for compartmentalisation for AI and Newcastle diseas Member States will continue to be required to report information on every sporadic case of H5N1 human infection or novel influenza virus infection to WHO as per Article 6 of the International Health Regulations (2005). 22 February 2018. Human infection with avian influenza A (H7N4) virus - China. 26 October 2017 There are two groups of avian influenza viruses (AIVs), categorized by disease severity (pathogenicity) in poultry: low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses and highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses. Human avian influenza (AI) has been associated with both HPAI and LPAI viruses (e.g., various H5, H7 and H9 strains). OIE/FAO International Scientific Conference on Avian Influenza OIE Paris, France, 7-8 April 2005 RECOMMENDATIONS - 2 - 8. During the past few years, the world has witnessed the emergence of a severe avian influenza epidemic that has had a major impact on animal health and the potential for serious human health outcomes
The seasonal influenza vaccine does not prevent avian influenza, but it may reduce the likelihood of being simultaneously infected with both avian and seasonal influenza viruses (dual infections). Reducing dual infections decreases the likelihood of viruses gaining the ability to spread easily from person to person Avian Influenza The OIE Code is clear on this point: Item 6 of Article 10.4.1 of the OIE Code Chapter on Avian Influenza states that: Antibodies against H5 or H7 subtype, which have been detected in poultry and are not a consequence of vaccination, should be immediately investigated. In the case of isolated serological positive results, infectio Avian influenza refers to the disease caused by infection with avian (bird) influenza (flu) Type A viruses. These viruses occur naturally among wild aquatic birds worldwide and can infect domestic poultry and other bird and animal species. Avian flu viruses do not normally infect humans pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in poultry or captive birds, and just one new case of HPAI in wild birds in the United Kingdom (UK) this being HPAIV H5N1 in a scavenging raptor species in northern England. Since our last report on HPAIV in Europe (19 February), according to OIE HPAI H5N8 has been reported in poultry in Sweden (7), Ital Avian influenza, or bird flu, is a common term used to refer to the many types of influenza viruses that usually exclusively infect birds. Swine flu is a respiratory disease caused by influenza viruses that infect the respiratory tract of pigs and result in a barking cough, decreased appetite, nasal secretions, and listless behavior; the virus can be transmitted to humans
H5N1 eller A(H5N1) är en subtyp av influensavirus typ A som främst förekommer hos fjäderfä.Sjukdomen som orsakas av H5N1 kallas ofta populärt bara för fågelinfluensa vilket egentligen är ett vidare begrepp, se fågelinfluensa.H5N1 är ett högpatogent virus, det vill säga att den orsakar en mycket smittsam sjukdom, oftast med dödlig utgång och benämns även HPAI A(H5N1. OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code - 2005 1 CHAPTER 2.7.12. AVIAN INFLUENZA Article 184.108.40.206. 1. For the purposes of this Terrestrial Code, avian influenza in its notifiable form (NAI) is defined as an infection of poultry caused by any influenza A virus of the H5 or H7 subtypes or by any AI virus with a Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5 infections have been reported in U.S. domestic poultry (backyard and commercial flocks), captive wild birds, and wild birds by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Department of Interior (DOI) *. HPAI H5 detections began in December 2014 and continued into mid-June 2015 The OIE Reference Laboratories played a particularly significant role during the avian influenza outbreaks in southeast Asia caused by H5NI strain of the AI virus. Not only have the experts of those laboratories provided technical advice, but they have, for example, also provided useful diagnostic material such as H5 antigens to laboratories in affected countries to assist them in their diagnosis
Avian influenza viruses to address comments received from countries OIE ad hoc groups on avian influenza / Scientific Commission / Code Commission Case definition for notifications Definition of poultry Incubation period of AI, duration for recovery of free status Update of surveillance articles, use of vaccination against HPA Report for OIE twinning project on avian influenza between Japan and Mongolia (2016-2018) Parent laboratory: Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, OIE Reference Laboratory for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza and Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza, Japan. Candidate laborator Avian influenza, the OIE twinning project between Italy and Nigeria was completed Avian influenza: Alert for all Member States of the European Union All the news >
Diagnostic protocols. After taking up the role as new European Union Reference Laboratory (EURL) for Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease, starting from January 2019 the Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie (IZSVe) has been entrusted with making sure that the recommended protocols for the detection, identification and typing of AI and AOAV-1 are fit for purpose WHO-OIE-FAO, H5 Evolution Working Group. Toward a unified nomenclature system for highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1). Emerg Infect Dis 14, e1 (2008). WHO-OIE-FAO, H5 Evolution Working Group. Continuing progress towards a unified nomenclature for the highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza viruses: divergence of clade 2.2 viruses The only OIE certified ELISA for the detection of antibodies against type A Avian Influenza virus in the market. The industry standard for AI monitoring, with at least equal sensitivity against the AGID. The assay is validated for type A Avian Influenza strains Eurasian avian-like A(H1N1) swine influenza viruses 13 July 2020 Event background The 2009 pandemic was the latest of several pandemics caused by a swine-origin influenza virus . Swine influenza is not a mandatory notifiable disease according to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) criteria for disease notification 
avian influenza viruses. It seems likely that part of the influenza gene pool is maintained in shorebirds and gulls, from which the predominant number of isolated influenza viruses are of a different subtype to those isolated from ducks (Kawaoka et al., 1988). Evidence that initial outbreaks in domestic poultry occur as the result of spread fro Notifiable avian influenza is defined by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) as an infection of poultry caused by any influenza A virus of the H5 or H7 subtypes or by any avian influenza virus with an intravenous pathogenicity index (IVPI) greater than 1.2 (or as an alternative at least 75% mortality) (OIE 2008)
Situation: Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1, H5N8 and H5N6 subtypes) with pandemic potential in countries of Sub-Saharan Africa since February 2017. Confirmed countries (H5): South Africa* Confirmed countries (H5N1): Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Mali*, Mauritania*, Niger*, Nigeria*, Senegal*, and Togo 1 August 2006, Rome - OFFLU, the OIE/FAO joint network of expertise on avian influenza, will systematically make avian influenza virus sequences accessible to the entire scientific community. With this gesture OFFLU reiterates its call to the world's scientists, international organisations and countries for a global sharing of virus strains and sequences avian influenza virus subtypes H5, H7, and highly pathogenic avian influenza virus identified in wild birds to OIE is mandated, and reporting of other subtypes of low pathogenic avian influenza virus is voluntary as part of the OIE Worldwide Monitoring System for Wild Animals
Infections with AI are notifiable to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) when they are caused by any Influenza A virus of the H5 or H7 subtypes. Highly pathogenic notifiable avian influenza (HPNAI) viruses are (until now) H5 and H7 viruses which have an IVPI in 6-week-old chickens greater than 1.2 or have multiple basic amino acids at the cleavage site of the hemagglutinin molecule. avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 in captive birds, and one new report of HPAI H5N8 in wild birds, in England. There have been no new outbreaks of HPAI in poultry in the . United Kingdom (UK). In . Europe, according to the OIE, HPAI H5N8 has been reported in poultry in Germany, Poland and Czech Republic. HPAI of varying sub-types continue to b Avian influenza, listed by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), has become a disease of great importance for animal and human health. Several aspects of the disease lack scientific information, which has hampered the management of some recent crises
FAO-OIE- WHO Joint Technical Consultation on AVIAN INFLUENZA AT THE HUMAN-ANIMAL INTERFACE Organized in collaboration with IZSVe and OFFLU Palazzo Verità Poeta, Verona, Italy 7 - 9 October, 2008 Many essential scientific questions about avian influenza infections in humans Chapter 1.3: Diseases listed by the OIE Infection with avian influenza viruses Infection with influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity in birds other than poultry including wild birds (2016) Chapter 10.4: Definition of avian influenza An infection of poultry caused by any influenza A virus • H5 or H7 subtypes o The current spread of avian influenza throughout the U.S. and its impact on trade may have focused attention on the virus and the international trade rules relating to animal diseases, but the virus' impact on the global poultry market, and the rules governing trade, are not new.. Twenty-four outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza were recorded between 1959 and mid-2003, and all were. Preventing the spread of avian influenza The recent spread of highly pathogenicavian influenza from Asia to the west has provoked great concern in the EU and worldwide.This disease can have devastating consequences for the health of birds (wild and domestic) and can sometimes pose a threat to human health too
However, avian influenza vaccines have had limited use in the field until 1995 when the H5N2 HPAI outbreak occurred in Mexico and vaccine use was implemented as part of the control program (9). The HPAI strains were eradicated by June 1995, but as H5N2 LPAI viruses have continued to circulate, vaccination was maintained in the region as one of the control tools for these H5N2 LPAI strains International partners were recognized leaders in influenza research: the Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory (SEPRL) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) (which is the OIE Collaborating Centre in Research on Emerging Avian Diseases) was responsible for laboratory capacity building activities for CLQP, conducting of and training in laboratory challenge trials, and evaluation.
OIE, 2005a. Highly pathogenic avian influenza in Hong Kong, special administrative region of the People's Republic of China in a wild bird (additional information). In: Disease Information, 18 (8) Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health. OIE, 2005b. Highly pathogenic avian influenza in Thailand. Follow-up report No. 49 Denmark has regained its status as an avian influenza free country in accordance with the provisions of Article 10.4.3. of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code after the detection of low pathogenic avian influenza H5N2 in a holding with game birds on 28 June 2019
While avian influenza has been the focus of surveillance and pandemic preparedness, swine influenza should not be neglected. The 2009 H1N1 pandemic was caused by a strain of swine influenza A virus which was introduced into humans and spread worldwide. Since then humans have re-introduced these viruses back into pigs, where they continue to evolve Avian influenza (AI) is a viral disease affecting birds, including several species of domestic poultry, as well as pet and wild birds. While AI viruses are highly species-specific, on certain occasions they have crossed the species barrier and have been isolated from mammalian species, including humans OIE: Second avian influenza panzooic ongoing Global wave of avian flu results in the loss of nearly 120 head of poultry In global animal disease terms, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is waning in its second global wave but it is estimated to have led to the loss of almost 120 million head of poultry
FAO/OIE/WHO CONSULTATION ON AVIAN INFLUENZA AND HUMAN HEALTH: RISK REDUCTION MEASURES IN PRODUCING, MARKETING, AND LIVING WITH ANIMALS IN ASIA Renaissance Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 4-6 July 2005 (Conducted in collaboration with the Veterinary Services Department and Ministry of Health of Malaysia The only OIE certified ELISA for the detection of antibodies against type A Avian Influenza virus in the market. The industry standard for AI monitoring, with at least equal sensitivity against the AGID. The assay is validated for type A Avian Influenza strains Today the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) released three new reports that show highly pathogenic avian flu spreading in both northern Africa and northern Europe. Tunisia confirms H5 in wild birds. Thirty wild wigeons and coots were found dead in Ichkeul National Park, on the northern tip of Tunisia, according to an OIE report 10 February 2006, Rome/Paris - The highly pathogenic avian influenza virus often spreads through the movement of affected birds, FAO and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said today. Therefore the movement of poultry should be stopped immediately in order to contain the disease. People should not import or trade livestock or livestock products, including poultry
OFFLU is the OIE-FAO network of expertise on animal influenza working to reduce the negative impacts of animal influenza viruses by promoting effective collaboration between animal health experts and with the human health secto PDF | On Oct 31, 2006, Nina Marano published OIE/FAO International Scientific Conference on Avian Influenza | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGat October 2020 Summary Avian Influenza ('bird flu') is a viral disease of birds with naturally occurring avian influenza Type A viruses. These viruses are globally widespread in aquatic birds (from the orders Anseriformes and Charadriiformes) such as shorebirds and waterfowl and are highly contagious. Avian influenza can infect all species of domestic and wild birds as well as mammals such. new outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in poultry or captive birds. There have been no new cases of HPAI in wild birds in the UK. According to OIE, elsewhere in . Europe. since 15 February, HPAI H5N8 has been reported in poultry in the Czech Republic (2), Finland (1), Germany (3) and Ukraine (1). HPAI H5N8 in wild bird Avian influenza (AI) is classified according to disease severity, with two recognized forms: HPAI, also known as fowl plague, and low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI). (OIE). Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, Technical Disease Card. 2014. www.oie.int. 4 CFSPH,.
Avian Flu Diary Covering Pandemic and Seasonal Flu, H5N1 `Bird Flu, Emerging Infectious Diseases, public health, community & Individual preparedness, and anything else that piques my admittedly eclectic interests. Wednesday, April 17, 2019. OIE: Senegal Equine Influenza - 275 Outbreaks, 2700 Horses Los Avian influenza is a global threat to food animal production and distribution systems, as well as human health. However, sustained, comprehensive, and coordinated global efforts to monitor the continually changing genetic diversity of avian influenza viruses circulating in nature are lacking (1,2).Two avian influenza viruses are current pandemic threats: highly pathogenic avian influenza A. outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 in England. There have been two new cases of HPAI H5N8 in wild birds in England; none in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. According to OIE, elsewhere in . Europe. since 01 February, HPAI H5N8 has been reported in poultry in France (11), Germany (2), Poland (5), Russia (1) and. Avian Influenza. Avian Influenza (AI), commonly called bird flu, is a disease found in some populations of wild water fowl that can infect chickens, turkeys, pheasants, quail, ducks, geese and guinea fowl, as well as a wide variety of other domesticated and wild birds The mission of the regional representation is to offer each member of the OIE services adapted to their region so that the surveillance and control of animal diseases can be strengthened. Avian Influenza and Newcastle disease network. 4/02/2021. Read more. News. FP Seminar. 3/02/2021. Read more. Expertise. Our mission